The answer to both questions is no. Newsrooms that run on the Civil protocol retain full independence. They determine their revenue model, they retain full autonomy over all business and editorial decisions (including hiring journalists, changing subscription fees, etc.). Similarly, the Civil Media Company does not take any direct cut of transactions between readers and journalists. Civil’s model is predicated on taking the proverbial “middleman” (third-party publishers, advertisers) out of the equation, and letting journalists focus on serving their readers above all else, without third party pressure.